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A1 - The present continuous in Spanish

The Present continuous inSpanish.

In this lesson you are going to kill three birds with one stone.
(matar 3 pajaros de un tiro) 

You will practice:
1. The verb estar in the present. Estoy, estás, está, estamos etc
2. You will learn the present continuous.
3. You will learn 33 simple verbs in Spanish.

The present continuous (also called the present progressive) is used to talk about something that is happening now.

The present continuous is formed by combining the verb “to be” with the present participle. 
(The present participle is the -ing form of a verb.)

It is very similar to English.

Examples:

I am dancing  =  Estoy bailando 
They are singing = Estan cantando.

The ing form of the verb is called a gerund. This is how we make the gerund in Spanish.
 
 
VERB TYPE FORMATION EXAMPLE TRANSLATION
AR verbs  Stem + ando Hablando Speaking
IR verbs  Stem + iendo Escribiendo Writing
ER verbs  Stem + iendo Aprendiendo Learning


There are quite a lot of irregular gerunds but most of them are too obscure for A1 level but here are some more useful ones to know:

Leer - Leyendo - Reading
Creer - Creyendo -  Believing
Oír  - Oyendo - Hearing
Incluir - incluyendo - Including

There are also some stem changing ones:
decir - diciendo - Saying
dormir - durmiendo - Sleeping
morir - muriendo - Dying

The gerund of ir (to go) is yendo but it is not very common.

Note: We don't use the present continuous to refer to the future like we do in English we wonly use it for actions that are in progress.

Note: In Spanish the present simple can also be used like the present continuous. 
You may notice that 
¿qué haces? (What do you do?) and ¿qúe estás haciendo? (What are you doing?) can both be translated to English as What are you doing?
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EXPLANATION:
The first line the English verb abbreviation
The second line  Spanish translation of the first line
The third line is an example in context in English
The fourth line is the third line translated to English.
 
Use this lesson to see the present continuous in Spanish

The Contents

finish
acabar
we are finishing painting the wall.
estamos acabando de pintar la pared.
walk
andar
I go walking to the office every day.
voy andando a la oficina todos los días.
learn
aprender
We are learning Spanish
Estamos aprendiendo español
fall
caer
the leaves of the tree are falling
las hojas del árbol estan cayendo
sing
cantar
I like the video of Elvis Presley singing with his daughter
me gusta el video de Elvis Presley cantando con su hija
start
comenzar
I'm starting to get fat
estoy empezando a engordar
eat
comer
What are you eating?
¿Qué estás comiendo?
buy
comprar
My father is buying food at the supermarket.
Mi padre esta comprando comida en el supermercado.
know
conocer
I am meeting many new people
Estoy conociendo a muchas personas nuevas.
build
construir
Kevin is building wooden houses
Kevin esta construyendo casas de madera
count
contar
I'm counting the days to see you
estoy contando los dias para verte
believe
creer
A woman faints and wakes up believing she is in 1980
Una mujer se desmaya y se despierta creyendo que está en 1980
give
dar
Why are you giving money to the rich?
¿Porqué está dando dinero a los ricos?
say
decir
I do not understand what you are saying.
No entiendo lo que estás diciendo.
sleep
dormir
he is sleeping like a baby
está durmiendo como un bebe
enter / get in
entrar
the ship is entering the port.
el barco está entrando en el puerto.
write
escribir
I'm writing a novel
Estoy escibiendo una novela
study
estudiar
We are studying Spanish
Estamos estudiando español
talk
hablar
I am being serious. I am speaking seriously.
estoy hablando en serio
do
hacer
What is your son doing?
¿Qué está haciendo tu hijo?
read
leer
I'm reading the bible
Estoy leyendo la biblia
wear
llevar puesto
Buzz Aldrin stepped on the lunar surface in 1969, wearing an OMEGA Speedmaster watch.
Buzz Aldrin pisó la superficie lunar, en 1969, llevando puesto un reloj OMEGA Speedmaster.
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