The vocab is taken from a word frequency list. It is not perfect because many of the words have multiple meanings. Words with several meanings will get higher up the list because they will appear more often in frequency testing.
The first word that appears is a sentence in English. At the end of the line is a word in Spanish (in brackets)
The word in brackets will appear in the Spanish translation in the next screen.
The final screen is some explanatory notes.
Note that many of the words have multiple meanings and uses. We have chosen the meaning that is most useful at this level of Spanish.
The words are ordered according to their frequency taken from a sample of over 25 million words.
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The first line is word in English. With a Spanish word in brackets.
The second line is the translation of the sentence in Spanish. It contains the word in brackets from the previuos line.
The thrid line is an explanation or useful notes.
Use this lesson to learn the 100 most popular words in Spanish.
"que" is the most common word in Spanish. It is used in many contexts and can mean many things. The most common translation of "que" is "that" but there are many more.
A bottle of wine. (de)
Una botella de vino.
The most common use of "de" is with possessions for example. "la casa de mi hermano" The house of my brother. In English we would say My brother's house but that little trick with the saxon genitive (') is not possible in Spanish.
There is no cheese (no)
No hay queso.
The third most popular word in Spanish is the same as English. Congratulations! (¡felicitaciones!)
We are going to the beach (a)
Vamos a la playa
"a" means several things in Spanish but quite a common one is when it means "to" It can also mean "at" eg "abren a las ocho" They open at eight.
The bed is big (la)
La cama es grande.
"la" is the singular feminine version of "the". You often see it before singular feminine nouns eg la mesa, la casa, la chica etc.
The book is red (el)
El libro es rojo.
"el" is the singular masculine version of "the". You often see it before singular masculine nouns eg el dinero, el hombre, el mundo etc.
My father is a teacher (es)
Mi padre es profesor.
"es" can be "it is, she is, he is ". It is from the very irregular verb Ser (to be) Note we don't use "a" (the indefinite object) with professions in Spanish.
Black and white (y)
Blanco y negro.
Note: Y becomes e when it precedes a word that begins with the i sound. For example: cruel e inhumano (cruel and inhumane)
I live in France (en)
Vivo en Francia.
"en" is very similar to the English "in" Note: "inside" is often translated as "dentro" EG. Mi madre está dentro. (my mother is inside)
I don't understand what you are saying. (lo)
No entiendo lo que dices.
"lo" means many many things. Here are two useful ones: When you see "lo que" it probably means (the thing that) - If you use lo + adjective eg "lo dificíl" It means the + adjective thing. eg The difficult thing.
An important matter (un)
Un asunto importante.
"un" is the masculine version of "a" and is used before masculine nouns eg. un libro, un momento, un amigo, un camino etc.
It is for that reason / It is because of that (por)
Es por eso.
The use of "por" and "para" are one of the things in Spanish that cause a lot of mistakes. It sort of means "for" but is much more complicated. I have put a link to a tutorial.
What is that? (qué)
¿qué es eso?
The word "qué" has an accent when it is used in a question or it is part of an exclamation eg ¡Qué sorpresa! (What a surprise!)
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