Spanish word of the month

The word for August 2000 is: Pronunciation


Homepage: https://www.lingolex.com/spanish.htm

Introduction

This month we present a text version our pronunciation guide: One of the best things about learning Spanish is that once you know how to pronounce the sounds of the letters you will be able to say almost any word that you read. This is not the case for people learning English. Imagine how dificult it is to learn: ought, cough, bough, rough etc. If you have a sound card you can hear all the sounds in our web page sound version. Go to: https://lingolex.com/pronounce/ You will need at least a version 4 browser and a reasonably good internet conection.


Vowels
a - gato The Spanish "a" is a short sharp sound like "hat" in English.
More examples: pato - apio - loca
e - pelo The Spanish "e" is like the "e" in "wet" in English
More examples: elegir - éxito - sed
i - vino The Spanish "i" is like the "ee" in "seen" but a bit shorter
sin - miércoles - idiota
o - boca The Spanish "o" can have two sounds. When it is at the end of a word it is like the
"o" in note e.g. "pato". When it is before a consonant it is shorter, like "pot" or "cot" e.g. "boda". This difference is very subtle.
pato - apio - loca
u - fruta The Spanish "u" is like the "oo" in "food" Note: It is silent after "q" and in "gue" and "gui". The exceptions are marked with a diaeresis: e.g. antigüedad. The "ü" is not very common.
luna - puro - mudo
Dipthongs
ai/ay - baile The Spanish "ai" is like the "i" in "side"
aislar - paisaje - vaina - haya
au - sauna The Spanish "au" is like the "ou" in "sound"
causa - pausa - audio - audiencias
ei, ey - reina The Spanish "ei" and "ey" sound like the "ay" in say
rey - peine - seis
eu - europa The Spanish "eu" has no English equivalent and is difficult to define. It is just the sounds of "e" and "u" together. It is not very common.
deuda - neutral - reumatismo
oi, oy - oiga

The Spanish "oi" and "oy" are like the "oy" in boy.
soy - doy - boicot - sois - coyote

Semi-consonants
ie/y - bien The Spanish "y" and "ie" have the "y" sound in "yes". Note that the word "y" meaning "and" sounds like the Spanish "i".
hielo - yerno - yeso - tierno - miedo
ue - bueno The Spanish "u + vowel" sounds like the "w" in "win". Note that when "u" is followed by a vowel it normally has the "w" sound.
fuente - huevo - agua - fui - fuimos - cuota
Consonants
b,v - boda The Spanish "b" is almost exactly the same as an English "b". Note: Both "b" and "v" have the "b" sound in Spanish. In fact Spanish people can have difficulty with the spelling and you can somtimes see signs in restaurants, etc. which are misspelled.
bomba - enviar - voy - Córdoba
c - casa The Spanish "c" has the English "k" sound except when it comes before "e" and "i".
Before "e" and "i" it has a "th" sound as in "thin".
academia - con - Ecuador - cola
c - Barcelona The Spanish "c" has the English "k" sound except when it comes before "e" and "i".
Before "e" and "i" it has a "th" sound as in "thin".
sociedad - recibir - receta
ch - mucho The Spanish "ch" is the same as the "ch" in church.
bochorno - champán - champiñón - champú
d - duro The Spanish "d" is very similar to the English "d" when it comes at the end of a word it can have a "th" like sound e.g. Madrid, verdad.
del - definir - ciudad - domingo
f - familia The Spanish "f" is the same as the English "f".
freír - difícil - afeitar - foro
g - general

The Spanish "g" is like the Spanish "j" when it comes before "i" and "e". The Spanish "j" sounds like the "ch" in the Scottish "loch".
gemelo - geranio - gimnasio - gitano

g - gordo The Spanish "g" is like the English "g" unless it comes before "i" and "e".
Galicia - golpe - guante - iglesia
h - hombre The Spanish "h" is always silent.
honor - Alhambra - rehacer
j - jueves The Spanish "j" is a strong guttural sound similar to the "ch" in the Scottish "loch".
jota - jabón - lenguaje - eje
k - kilo The Spanish "k" is the same as the English "k". It is very uncommon in Spanish.
kilo - kilovatio - kiosco - kiwi
l - loco The Spanish "l" is the same as the English "l".
lobo - lámpara - ladrón
ll - calle The Spanish "ll" sounds like the "y" in yes.
taller - valle - llamar - llover - lleno- Mallorca
m - mano The Spanish "m" is the same as the English "m".
mama - tomar - malo - mixta
n - nada The Spanish "n" is the same as the English "n".
nadar - nadie - no- uno
ñ - España The Spanish "ñ" is like the "ni" in "onion" in English.
baño - caña - riñón - teñir
p - padre The Spanish "p" is the same as the "p" in English.
pato - apio - lápiz
q - quien The Spanish "q" is pronounced like the English "k" in "kick".
queso - qué - querer - quince
r - robar The Spanish "r" is a similar to the English "r" but it is stronger and it sounds like the "r" in a Scottish accent.
rabo - radio - mar
rr - perro The Spanish "rr" does not exist in English. It is a very strong "r" with a trill. Many English speakers find this sound very difficult to pronounce.
puerro - berro - carro - guerra - parra - barrio
s - casa The Spanish "s" has two sounds. It is pronounced the same as English except when
it comes before b, d, g, l, m, n.
saber - sobre - cosas - asunto
s - mismo The Spanish "s" has two sounds. It is pronounced the same as English except when
it comes before b, d, g, l, m, n.
mismo - desde - asno
t - tres The Spanish "t" is very similar to the "t" in English. In Spanish the tongue is placed closer to the teeth and there is less aspiration.
trigo - tomar- todo - patata
x - máximo The Spanish "x" is similar to the English pronunciation and it has a "ks" sound.
extra - sexto- exacto - éxito
z - zapatos The Spanish "z" has the "th" sound in the English thin.
zona - cazar - zorro - luz

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