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European Countries in Spanish
Learn the countries and capitals of Europe

Learn European Countries and Capitals

European Countries and Capitals


I have been playing pub quizzes recently and it is definitely a good idea to know the capital cities of all the countries. Within one day of learning these countries I met a girl from Latvia and was able to show off by knowing where Riga is. It is also a good idea to know some facts like these: The smallest capital in Europe is the Vatican with a population of between 500 and 800. The biggest is London with about 9 million. The country with most people in the European Union is Germany with about 81 million inhabitants. The population of the whole of Europe is about 740 million. The most visited place in Europe is Disneyland, Paris. The European Union, celebrates Europe Day on May 9th. Belarus is the only country in Europe that still has the death penalty on its statute book. Its last executions were in 2014. Russia is very big, it takes up forty percent of Europe’s land area.

It is fairly easy to learn the names of countries in Spanish because most of them are very similar, however there are some surprises for example Latvia is not Latvia in Spanish it is Letonia. The one I always confuse is Switzerland = Suiza and Sweden = Suecia because they are so similar.

Where are you from? in Spanish is ¿de dónde eres?
The answer is "Soy de (country name)"
Note: We use the verb SER to speak about nationality.


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English Spanish English Spanish
Croatia Croacia Zagreb Zagreb
Estonia Estonia Tallin Tallinn
Portugal Portugal Lisboa Lisbon
Norway Noruega Oslo Oslo
Latvia Letonia Riga Riga
Spain España Madrid Madrid
Luxembourg Luxemburgo Luxemburgo Luxembourg
Kosovo Kosovo Pristina Pristina
Italy Italia Roma Rome
Moldova Moldavia Chisináu Chisinau
Belgium Bélgica Bruselas Brussels
Finland Finlandia Helsinki Helsinki
Czech Republic República Checa Praga Prague
Denmark Dinamarca Copenhague Copenhagen
Andorra Andorra Andorra la Vieja Andorra la Vella
Poland Polonia Varsovia Warsaw
Ireland Irlanda Dublín Dublin
Cyprus Chipre Nicosia Nicosia
United Kingdom Reino Unido Londres London
Slovenia Eslovenia Liubliana Ljubljana
Serbia Serbia Belgrado Belgrade
Hungary Hungría Budapest Budapest
Bulgaria Bulgaria Sofía Sofia
Romania Rumania Bucarest Bucharest
San Marino San Marino San Marino San Marino
Albania Albania Tirana Tirana
Austria Austria Viena Vienna
Russia Rusia Moscú Moscow
Belarus Bielorrusia Minsk Minsk
France Francia París Paris
Iceland Islandia Reikiavik Reykjavik
Liechtenstein Liechtenstein Vaduz Vaduz
Macedonia Macedonia Skopie Skopje
Malta Malta La Valeta Valletta
Greece Grecia Atenas Athens
Netherlands Países Bajos Ámsterdam Amsterdam
Ukraine Ucrania Kiev Kiev
Slovakia Eslovaquia Bratislava Bratislava
Lithuania Lituania Vilna Vilnius
Germany Alemania Berlín Berlin
Bosnia Herzegovina Bosnia-Herzegovina Sarajevo Sarajevo
Switzerland Suiza Berna Bern
Vatican Vaticano Vaticano Vatican
Monaco Mónaco Mónaco Monaco
Sweden Suecia Estocolmo Stockholm
Montenegro Montenegro Podgorica Podgorica