WHEN "ESTAR" IS OBLIGATORY
Below are the instances when we have to use "estar"
|with talking about place and location|
|¿dónde está el cine?||
where is the cinema?
|estuve en la playa ayer||I was at the beach yesterday.|
|with an adjective to express a temporary or unusual quality|
|Another way of saying this is: To express a quality or state seen by the speaker as subject to change or different from expected|
|la sopa está un poco fría||
the soup is a bit cold
|María está muy guapa hoy||María is looking very pretty today|
|Hoy estoy de mal humor||I am in a bad mood today|
|before past participles describing the result of an action|
|Note: the participle has to agree in gender and number with the noun.|
|el restaurante está abierto||
The restaurant is open
|la ventana está cerrada||the window is closed|
|when asking someone how they are|
How are you?
|estoy muy bien||I am very well|
|with the present continuous|
|Carmen está bailando||
Carmen is dancing
|estábamos escuchando la radio||we were listening to the radio|