Direct and Indirect Objects in Italian

Warning: The grammar behind the examples in this lesson is quite hard to grasp especially for English speakers so we are just going to blast some sentences at you and hope your "Language Aquisition Device" can make some sense of it.

No explanations

I am intentionally not going to explain this lesson very well because we already have good tutorials for direct and indirect pronouns in Italian and you can see links to them lower down.

We are going to expose your brain to some meaningful input and we hope you will start to make sense of it.

Like throwing spaghetti at the ceiling and hoping some of it sticks. 

This lesson will help you get accustomed to the concept of direct pronouns.

In this lesson we are going to use the verb "give" which is (dare) in Italian.

We are using "give" because it is a common transitive verb.

A transitive verb is a verb that accepts one or more objects. This contrasts with intransitive verbs, which do not have objects.

The sentences below are in the format we will use in this lesson:

I + gave+ you + a glass of wine

I + gave + it + to you

mi + diede + un bicchiere di vino

me + lo + diede

The third line is a translation of the first line:

The fourth line is a translation of the second line:

 

The 4th line contains Italian object pronouns:

Note: A pronoun is a word that takes the place of a noun.

I like it - (it is an object pronoun)

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EXPLANATION:
The first line is an English sentence containing give -
The second line is the same English sentence but with the direct and indirect objects changed into pronouns..
The third line is a Italian sentence containing dare (give)
The fourth line is the same Italian sentence but with the direct and indirect objects changed into pronouns..

Use this lesson to rapidly increase your Italian vocabulary.

The Examples

he gave me a glass of wine
he gave it to me
mi diede un bicchiere di vino
me lo diede
he gave him a pencil
he gave it to him
gli diede una matita
gliela diede
he gave it a toy
he gave it to it
gli diede un giocattolo
glielo diede
he gave us some magazines
he gave them to us
ci ha dato delle riviste
ce le ha date
he gave you a rose
he gave it to you
ti ha dato una rosa
te l'ha data
he gave you guys a pencil
he gave it to you guys
vi ha dato una matita
ve l'ha data
he gave you guys a rose
he gave it to you guys
vi ha dato una rosa
ve l'ha data
I gave you 2 sweets
I gave them to you
ti ho dato due caramelle
te le ho date
I gave you a glass of wine
I gave it to you
ti ho dato un bicchiere di vino
te l'ho dato
I gave you an apple
I gave it to you
ti ho dato una mela
te l'ho data
I gave him 2 sweets
I gave them to him
gli ho dato due caramelle
gliele ho date
I gave them a book
I gave it to them
ho dato loro un libro
gliel'ho dato
she gave her a book
she gave it to her
le ha dato un libro
gliel'ha dato
she gave me a pencil
she gave it to me
mi ha dato una matita
me l'ha data
she gave her an apple
she gave it to her
le ha dato una mela
gliel'ha data
she gave them 2 sweets
she gave them to them
ha dato loro due caramelle
gliele ha date
she gave them some magazines
she gave them to them
ha dato loro delle riviste
gliele ha date
she gave us 2 sweets
she gave them to us
ci ha dato due caramelle
ce le ha date
she gave you a book
she gave it to you
ti ha dato un libro
te l'ha dato
she gave you guys some magazines
she gave them to you guys
vi ha dato delle riviste
ve le ha date
they gave her a pencil
they gave it to her
le hanno dato una matita
gliel'hanno data
they gave him a present
they gave it to him
gli hanno dato un regalo
gliel'hanno dato
they gave him an apple
they gave it to him
gli hanno dato una mela
gliel'hanno data
they gave me a book
they gave it to me
mi hanno dato un libro
me l'hanno dato
they gave us a glass of wine
they gave it to us
ci hanno dato un bicchiere di vino
ce l'hanno dato
they gave us an apple
they gave it to us
ci hanno dato una mela
ce l'hanno data
they gave you a pencil
they gave it to you
ti hanno dato una matita
te l'hanno data
they gave you guys a book
they gave it to you guys
vi hanno dato un libro
ve l'hanno dato
they gave you guys an apple
they gave it to you guys
vi hanno dato una mela
ve l'hanno data
they gave you guys some magazines
they gave them to you guys
vi hanno dato delle riviste
ve le hanno date
we gave her a rose
we gave it to her
le abbiamo dato una rosa
gliel'abbiamo data
we gave ourselves a glass of wine
we gave it to ourselves
ci siamo dati un bicchiere di vino
ce lo siamo dati
we gave them 2 sweets
we gave them to them
abbiamo dato loro due caramelle
gliele abbiamo date
we gave them a present
we gave it to them
abbiamo dato loro un regalo
gliel'abbiamo dato
we gave ourselves a book
we gave it to ourselves
ci siamo dati un libro
ce lo siamo dato
we gave you a pencil
we gave it to you
ti abbiamo dato una matita
te l'abbiamo data
we gave you guys some magazines
we gave them to you guys
vi abbiamo dato delle riviste
ve le abbiamo date
you gave him a pencil
you gave it to him
gli hai dato una matita
gliel'hai data
you gave him a present
you gave it to him
gli hai dato un regalo
gliel'hai dato
you gave her a glass of wine
you gave it to her
le hai dato un bicchiere di vino
gliel'hai dato
you gave it a book
you gave it to it
gli hai dato un libro
gliel'hai dato
you gave me a rose
you gave it to me
mi hai dato una rosa
me l'hai data
you gave them an apple
you gave it to them
hai dato loro una mela
gliel'hai data
you gave us an apple
you gave it to us
ci hai dato una mela
ce l'hai data
you guys gave her some magazines
you guys gave them to her
le avete dato delle riviste
gliele avete date
you guys gave me a glass of wine
you guys gave it to me
mi avete dato un bicchiere di vino
me l'avete dato
you guys gave me a present
you guys gave it to me
mi avete dato un regalo
me lo avete dato
you guys gave them a present
you guys gave it to them
avete dato loro un regalo
glielo avete dato
you guys gave them some magazines
you guys gave them to them
avete dato loro delle riviste
gliele avete date
you guys gave us a rose
you guys gave it to us
ci avete dato una rosa
ce l'avete data

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