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A1 - The Demonstratives in Spanish - This that those etc

This, that, these and those are called demonstrative adjectives or pronouns.

In this lesson we are going to learn how to use them in Spanish.

In Spanish there is an extra category which does not exist in English for very far away which is "Aquel" and "Aquello". 

The "far away" can be far away in distance or in time
for example
That night (a while ago) =  "aquella noche" 

Before you do the flashcards study the table below.
Score in %

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THE DEMONSTRATIVES MASCULINE FEMININE
NEAR    
This  Este Esta
These Estos Estas
FAR    
That Ese Esa
Those Esos Esas
VERY FAR    
That (over there) Aquel Aquella
Those (over there) Aquellos Aquellas

Note: It is also possible to use demonstratives where the gender is neutral.  
  1. You don’t know what the gender is.
  2. The gender is not important.
  3. Speaking about an  abstract idea

    In reality you only need to know esto eso, or  aquello when using the neutral demonstratives.  

    Examples are: ¿Qué es esto? - What is this? ¡Eso es! - That's it!

Wiki page about demonstrative determiners.

The Contents

This is an important moment.
Este es un momento importante.
This is the end.
Este es el final.
What is that?
¿Qué es eso?
That table
Esa mesa
That is a cat
Eso es un gato
Those windows
esas ventanas
those books over there
aquellos libros
That night (some time ago)
Aquella noche
that is why
por eso
These houses.
Estas casas
Those beds.
Esas camas
Those cities (far away)
Aquellas ciudades
That man
Aquel hombre
This is difficult
esto es difícil
These books are mine.
Estos libros son mios.
In those times (long ago)
En aquellos tiempos
That house is far away.
aquella casa está lejos
I like that car.
Ese coche me gusta.
What is this?
¿Qué es este?
I want to visit that place.
quiero visitar ese sitio
that is not ours
ese no es el nuestro
one of these days I am going to call you.
un día de estos te voy a llamar
This one (right here)
Este
Those books over there
aquellos libros
Do you like that one?
¿Te gusta ésa?
Those (over there) are the books.
Aquéllos son los libros
I want that and those.
Quiero ese y esas
That is my house
Esa es mi casa
My grandfather's favourite wine is that one.
El vino favorito de mi abuelo es ese
I like this dog.
Me gusta este perro.
I like those houses
Me gustan aquellas casas.
These are some rules that we must follow.
Estas son unas reglas que debemos seguir.
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