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Spanish Adjectives Tutorial
Learn how Spanish Adjectives work

How to use adjectives in Spanish.

Tutorial about Spanish Adjectives

When an Enlish speaker learns Spanish there are 3 things that at first may be difficult when learning the adjectives.

1. Word Order

In Spanish the adjective goes after the noun. In English it is the opposite.

Eg. In English we say: "A red book" but in Spanish we say "A book  red"
Eg. A red book = Un libro rojo.

2. Gender

All the nouns in Spanish are either masculine or feminine and when we use an adjective they must agree with the gender of the noun.
So if the noun is masculine we use an "o" Eg. "un chico guapo" (a good looking boy)
but with a feminine noun we use an "a" Eg. "una chica guapa" (a good looking girl)

Note.There are also a lot of adjectives that do not have an "a" or "o" ending eg. verde= green in which case there is no difference when you use them with masculine or feminine nouns.

3. Singular and Plural
The adjective must agree in number so if the noun is plural so is the adjective.
Eg. "un libro negro" = a black book - unos libros negros = some black books

Noun  Adjective Translation
Una chica  guapa A pretty girl
Unas chicas guapas  Some pretty girls
Un libro rojo A red book
Unos libros rojos Some red books

Instructions

You can use the Flashcard exercise below to get accustomed to how the adjectives work in Spanish. Click "restart" to start.

There is another page which will help you learn the basic Spanish adjectives here.


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The content of the flashcards

English Spanish Gender Number
A small table Una mesa pequeña Feminine Singular
5 small houses 5 casas pequeñas Feminine Plural
A red cat Un gato rojo Masculine Singular
The ugly sisters Las hermanas feas Feminine Plural
short journeys viajes cortos Masculine Plural
A big table Una mesa grande Feminine Singular
5 big houses 5 casas grandes Feminine Plural
a expensive hotel un hotel caro Masculine Singular
a weak man un hombre débil Masculine Singular
a short man un hombre bajo Masculine Singular
two rich women dos mujeres ricas Feminine Plural
an easy task una tarea fácil Feminine Singular
dark colours colores oscuros Masculine Plural
a cold beer una cerveza fria Feminine Singular
A bad book un libro malo Masculine Singular
an boring magazine una revista aburrida Feminine Singular
a lazy dog un perro perezoso Masculine Singular
an interesting magazine una revista interesante Feminine Singular
An empty glass Un vaso vacío Masculine Singular
dirty cars coches sucios Masculine Plural
clean cars coches limpios Masculine Plural
long journeys viajes largos Masculine Plural
two poor women dos mujeres pobres Feminine Plural
A narrow path Un sendero estrecho Masculine Singular
red wine vino tinto Masculine Singular
The good looking sisters Las hermanas guapas Feminine Plural
A full glass Un vaso lleno Masculine Singular
a tall man un hombre alto Masculine Singular
The dry river El rio seco Masculine Singular
a difficult task una tarea difícil Feminine Singular
a hardworking dog un perro trabajador Masculine Singular
a hot beer una cerveza caliente Feminine Singular
a strong man un hombre fuerte Masculine Singular
thin girls chicas delgadas Feminine Plural
a cheap hotel un hotel barato Masculine Singular
fat girls chicas gordas Feminine Plural